Exton|OS 64 bit with Mate 1.14.0 and kernel 4.5.3-exton :: Build 160514

NEWS 160514 ABOUT Exton|OS with Mate 1.14.0
After the 160512 Build with Mate 1.12.7 I “discovered” that Mate 1.14.0 was released in April 2016. The new 1.14.0 Mate packages are yet not available in Ubuntu’s repos so I had to install them from source. While I was at it I upgraded Vlc from version 2.1.3 to 2.2.3. Vlc is also installed from source to make it possibe to run it as root. Study the NEW PACKAGE list.

WHAT’S NEW in MATE 1.14?

The headline changes in MATE 1.14 are:

Improved GTK+3 support across the entire MATE Desktop.
Full GTK 3.20 support in all MATE themes.
Client Side Decorated applications render correctly in all themes.
Touchpad configuration now supports edge and two-finger scrolling independently.
Python extensions in Caja can now be managed separately.
All three window focus modes are selectable.
MATE Panel now has the ability to change icon sizes for menubar and menu items.
MATE NetSpeed Applet has been merged into the MATE Applets package.
MATE Terminal support VTE 2.91 API when built for GTK+3.
Volume and Brightness OSD can now be enabled/disabled.
Translations are updated.

NOTE: Exton|OS Mate is unique. I.e. there is no other Linux live system out with Mate 1.14.0 pre-installed.

Exton|OS build 160514 is based on Ubuntu 16.04 64 bit and Debian Stretch/Sid (upcoming Debian 9). Exton|OS’s ISO file is a ISO-hybrid, which means that it can very easily be transferred (copied) to a USB pen drive. You can even run Exton|OS from a USB stick and save all your system changes on the stick. I.e. you will enjoy persistence! Read my INSTRUCTION. For persistence please read under B) or use UNetbootin in Windows or Linux.

NEWS 160514
A new and much better version of Exton|OS is ready. I have replaced kernel 4.2.0-16-exton with kernel 4.5.3-exton. With kernel 4.5 there is no real need to use Nvidia proprietary graphic drivers since this kernel has better support for the open-source Nvidia driver Nouveau than any other older kernel. The Mate Desktop is upgraded to version 1.14.0. (Installed from source). I have also replaced Ubuntu’s installation program Ubiquity with Exton|OS Installer, which is a clone of Debian Live Installer. The installation to hard drive is now so simple that a 10 year old child can do it. Watch a SLIDESHOW of the hard drive installation process.

What’s new in Linux kernel 4.5.3?

Runs from RAM
Another great thing is that Exton|OS can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You’ll need at least 2 GB RAM to run Exton|OS that way.

Desktop Environment
The Desktop Environment is Mate 1.14.0. (A fork of GNOME 2. It provides an intuitive and attractive desktop environment using traditional metaphors for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems). Program content: Firefox, Gimp, Google Chrome (for Netflix), Vlc and GParted. Also all necessary additions in order to install programs from source. All packages have been updated to the latest available version as at May 14, 2016. Study the full package list.

The system language is English.

Log in to Mate
When you start up your computer from the dvd you will end up in X at LightDM‘s login screen or logged in as the ordinary user live. Log in as root (superuser) with password root or as the ordinary user live with no password. (During a hard drive install you can create your own ordinary user).

Network connections
Use Wicd to configure your network connection. You may have to change the Network Interfaces eth0 and wlan0 to eth1 respectively wlan1 or…

Installation to hard drive
Note that you in advance (just in case) should create a partition of at least 6 GB for Exton|OS and a SWAP space double the size of your computer’s RAM. I.e. if you have RAM of 1024 MB or less. If you have RAM of 2 GB or more it’s enough with a SWAP space of 2 GB. The installation program Exton|OS Live Installer in Exton|OS is otherwise “intuitive”. Choose manual partitioning and select the partition you created in advance for installation. You’ll find the installation program under Applications >> System Tools >> Install Exton|OS. The installation to hard drive is now so simple that a 10 year old child can do it. Watch a SLIDESHOW of the hard drive installation process. NOTE: You should format your intended installation partition in advance. You can use GParted for that.

Changing root’s password
If you install Exton|OS to hard drive the password for root (root) will be replaced by the password you choose for the normal/ordinary user you’ll create during the installation process. The root password is otherwise changed by running the command sudo passwd root. You can log in to Mate as root if you want.

Repositories and software management
Exton|OS is totally compatible with Ubuntu 16.04 and therefore uses Ubuntu’s repositories. After a hard drive install of Exton|OS you can go ahead an install any extra software you like and also upgrade the whole system. After running the command apt-get update you should use Synaptic Package Manager.

Mate 1.14.0 vs Mate 1.12.7
As I said above Mate 1.14.0 is installed from source. The packages for version 1.14.0 will probably be included in the Ubuntu repos soon. Until then you must be careful when upgrading the Exton|OS system. Careful so you don’t delete necessary libs by mistake. If you for example run the command apt-get autoremove you will be asked to remove many common libs for Mate to be functional. That’s because Apt will “think” that you want to remove Mate altogether (since I have removed all Mate 1.12.7 packages except common libraries). So answer NO or Exton|OS will be unusable!

USB installation

See a screenshot of Exton|OS’s Mate Desktop

Exton|OS can be downloaded from SourceForge.netFast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

A second download location for Exton|OS is Softpedia.comthe encyclopedia of free software downloads!

md5sum for the ISO file of 1550 MB

Other Exton Linux Live CD/DVD’s in English you may like to download…