Exton|OS is based on upcoming Ubuntu 14.04 64 bit (to be released in a stable version April 26, 2014) and Debian Jessie. Exton|OS’s ISO file a ISO-hybrid, which means that it can very easily be transferred (copied) to an USB pen drive. You can then even run Exton|OS from the USB stick and save all your system changes on the stick. I.e. you will enjoy persistence! I’ve found two scripts which make the installation to USB very simple. The scripts are quite ingenious. My tests show that they work flawlessly on USB installations of all normal Ubuntu systems. Read my INSTRUCTION how to use the scripts.
A new and much better version of Exton|OS is ready. I have replaced kernel 3.13.0-17-exton with kernel 3.13.0-24-exton. (Kernel.org‘s stable kernel 3.13.9). I have also replaced Ubuntu’s installation program Ubiquity with Exton|OS Installer, which is a clone of Debian Live Installer. The installation to hard drive is now so simple that a 10 year old child can do it. Watch a SLIDESHOW of the hard drive installation process.
Runs from RAM
Another great thing is that Exton|OS can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You’ll need at least 2 GB RAM to run Exton|OS that way.
The Desktop Environment is Mate 1.6.2. (A fork of GNOME 2. It provides an intuitive and attractive desktop environment using traditional metaphors for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems). Kernel 3.13.0-24-exton is used. (Kernel.org’s stable kernel 3.13.9). Program content: Firefox, Gimp, Vlc and GParted. Also all necessary additions in order to install programs from source. All packages have been updated to the latest available version as at April 15, 2014. Study the full package list.
The system language is English.
Log in to Mate
When you start up your computer from the dvd you will end up in X at LightDM‘s login screen. Log in as root (superuser) with password root. (During a hard drive install you can create your own ordinary user).
Installation to hard drive
Note that you in advance (just in case) should create a partition of at least 6 GB for Exton|OS and a SWAP space double the size of your computer’s RAM. Ie if you have RAM of 1024 MB or less. If you have RAM of 2 GB or more it’s enough with a SWAP space of 2 GB. The installation program Exton|OS Live Installer in Exton|OS is otherwise “intuitive”. Choose manual partitioning and select the partition you created in advance for installation. You’ll find the installation program under Applications >> System Tools >> Install Exton|OS. The installation to hard drive is now so simple that a 10 year old child can do it. Watch a SLIDESHOW of the hard drive installation process. NOTE: You should format your intended installation partition in advance. You can use GParted for that.
Changing root’s password
If you install Exton|OS to hard drive the password for root (root) will be replaced by the password you choose for the normal/ordinary user you’ll create during the installation process. The root password is otherwise changed by running the command sudo passwd root. You can log in to Mate as root if you want.
Repositories and software management
Exton|OS is totally compatible with Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr and therefore uses Ubuntu’s repositories. After a hard drive install of Exton|OS you can go ahead an install any extra software you like and also upgrade the whole system. After running the command apt-get update you should use Synaptic Package Manager. NOTE: If you want to add new extra repositories with a command (for example: apt-add-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports) you’ll have to change the first line in /etc/lsb-release to “DISTRIB_ID Ubuntu”.
Read my INSTRUCTION.
The importance of Exton|OS being based on a development version of Ubuntu and on Debian Jessie
I do not think the matter is so important, because Exton|OS uses the Desktop environment Mate (which is based on “old” Gnome 2). During my test runs of Exton|OS I have also not discovered any “bugs”. Furthermore: One could say that Exton|OS build 140415 is stable since the development of new features in upcoming Ubuntu 14.04 have been freezed for several weeks by now.
The ISO file (ExtonOS-64bit-mate-isoh-persistent-1060mb-140415.iso) can be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society server.
md5sum for Exton|OS ISO which is of 1060 MB.